VEGA Measure Biomass Levels at Drax Power
18 September 2012
Drax Power Station in North Yorkshire is already the largest, cleanest and most efficient coal-fired power station in the country. Already home to the largest biomass co-firing facility in the world commissioned in 2010, in which sustainable biomass is burnt alongside coal to produce electricity, Drax has ambitions to become a predominantly biomass fuelled generator. Not only does their investment in biomass co-firing strengthen their environmental leadership position, but it further enhances their reputation to stay at the forefront of developments to establish effective alternative fuel technologies for electricity generation in the UK. Electricity generation from biomass is a low carbon technology delivering significant carbon dioxide savings compared to fossil fuel generation.
The biomass co-firing facility enables the power station to receive, handle, store and process a variety of biomass materials. These are directly injected into Drax’s coal-fired boilers where they are burnt alongside coal. The storage facility for the biomass is a key part of this process, to ensure it is kept at optimum condition before being used.
When compared to coal, biomass is lighter, it has fluctuating handling properties and generally much lower, variable bulk density. It therefore requires larger storage facilities and offers some different process challenges. The feedstock products vary from forestry residues, or cultivated products such as Miscanthus and Willow, to agricultural by-products like straw. The storage capacities for these products need to be large and stock rotation/retention time requires careful management, as the products need regular ‘rotation’ to avoid any degradation. The construction of the silos can also differ greatly, with taller
narrower and shorter wider designs, depending on material behaviour and materials handling schemes. However, even with large silo sizes, the biomass typically only has a retention time of only 24-48hrs, before being sent to electricity production.
An important area of this fuel stock management is the level measurement. A non-contact technology is preferred on site, to mitigate the potential for fouling and wear. VEGA have installed many non-contact radar level transmitters on biomass level measurement around the world, where they have a proven performance dealing with dust and filling noise. At Drax, there are two 12,000m3 storage silos, around 27m high and 30m in diameter, and the biomass is brought in by rail. These are centrally filled by conveyor and emptied via rotary screw discharger at the bottom. The size and throughput means the silos are being frequently fed into and discharged from giving an uneven product surface and the need for long range measurement. VEGA have installed non-contact VEGAPULS 68 level radars for solids, working over a range of approximately 27m. Two units are installed on each of these large silos, to give an average reading, as well as for dual redundancy level measurement of the biomass material. They are mounted towards the centre of the silo, aimed down and slightly outwards, this is to measure at a point approximately at half the radius, to deliver a good average level reading over the surface profile. Although the conveyor fill point is quite close-by, the units work reliably, regardless of the filling stream. There are no cross-talk issues with VEGAPULS radars, even with multiple units in the same silo. This is achieved using dedicated pulse sampling filters, which means there can be many in the same area with no danger of them picking up each other’s signals. The units have worked reliably ever since their installation over two years ago, providing information to facilitate the available filling capacity for the rail transport department and feed stock supply data to the power station control room, optimising the biomass supply to Drax.
The multi million pound co-firing facility provides Drax with the capability to produce 12.5% of power generation from biomass co-firing and it is a key element of their goal to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.
For further information, please contact Doug Anderson:
VEGA Controls Ltd
Kendal House, Victoria Way
Burgess Hill, West Sussex
Tel: 01444 870055
Fax: 01444 870080